If you are a doctoral research student, then you might have the desire to get your paper published in a high impact factor journal, just as many other PhD students do. However, it is very important to know about the entire publishing process before you go on submitting your research paper or manuscript. A major thing you should know about is the activity of peer review conducted by journals.
Peer review is basically the process where a group of peer reviewers or subject matter experts review and evaluate your project on various factors and parameters. They consider the rules and publishing standards of the journal and then tally your work against these standards. The process actually checks the fitment of your project for the journal’s target readers. A peer reviewer for your project is always assigned from the same academic field that you belong to.
Peer reviewers not only judge the quality and contributions of your study, but also loom at its validity and relevance. These reviewers generally evaluate your work after an initial screening is done by the editor of the journal. Thus, they go into the depths of your content and check its correctness on linguistic, formatting, factual and stylistic parameters. They read your ideas and judge your arguments presented on the study topic. If there are any kinds of errors found in your content, then they provide you relevant feedback on it.
After reviewing your work, they also give you feedback regarding any gap in literature or scope for improvement in specific sections. Thus, such constructive feedback can always make you improve your work. Peer review basically helps you to make your work fit for your readers. Thus, you should not panic if you your paper is sent back with peer review comments and take it in a positive sense.